This metal has been mined for thousands of years. Copper has a very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Pure copper is soft and has a reddish-orange color. Most copper is mined from large, open-pit mines. Chile is the top mine producer of the metal, followed by the U.S. Copper is used in electrical wires, plumbing, roofing, and various industrial uses in machines. In many instances, copper is used in place of aluminum because it is a better electrical conductor. Since it is waterproof, it has been used as roofing material. The green color of copper occurs when it is oxidized over a long period of time.
Copper is considered an industrial metal, used in industries across the board. When copper prices fall, it’s usually an indicator of a slowdown in the global economy. On the contrary, gold bullion isn’t much of an industrial metal; rather, it is used as a hedge against uncertainty in the global economy.
When you look at these two metals together, often referred to as the gold-to-copper ratio, they tell us something very important: the ratio of how many pounds of copper it takes to buy one ounce of gold bullion has long been an indicator of sentiment in the global economy.
If the gold-to-copper ratio is in a downtrend, it means investors are betting on the global economy to grow. In contrast, if it is increasing (if the number of pounds of copper it costs to buy an ounce of gold is rising), it tells us investors are concerned about protecting their wealth in a slowing global economy.
Below, you’ll find a chart of the gold-to-copper ratio.
Looking at the chart above, it is clear something happened at the beginning of 2014. Investors became very worried. Since the beginning of the year, the gold-to-copper ratio has increased more than 28%—the steepest increase in more than two years.
And the weekly chart of copper prices looks terrible too:
Copper prices have been trending downward since 2011. In 2013, these prices broke below their 200-day moving average and recently, they broke below a very critical support level at $3.00. While all of this was happening, on the chart, there was also a formation of a … Read More
Almost daily, there’s a new piece of information coming out about the Chinese economy that suggests economic conditions there are worsening. We see China’s manufacturing sector is contracting and there’s a credit crunch in the making.
The Wall Street Journal ran a story last Friday on the state of the Chinese economy and its rapid decline in growth. It cited Premier Li Keqlang’s warning to investors that China was “likely to see some corporate defaults in debts.” (Source: “China Reports Broad Economic Slowdown,” Wall Street Journal, March 14, 2014.)
The economic slowdown in the Chinese economy is another reason why the U.S. economy will slow down in 2014.
Too often investors forget that China is one of our major trading partners and a significant number of American companies operate in China. If the economic slowdown in the Chinese economy gains strength, then those American companies selling goods to China and those operating there will see their profits shrink.
As the Chinese economy boomed over the past 10 years, the prices of copper and other base metals needed in the building of the country’s infrastructure skyrocketed. Now, with an economic slowdown looming in the air for the Chinese economy, base metal prices, especially copper prices, are sliding lower.
The chart below shows how copper prices have declined significantly since the beginning of 2014.
How will lower copper prices affect North American investors? Those companies in the U.S. economy that deal with base metals, such as copper, will see their profitability decline; thus, their stock prices will decline.
On a macro scale, the sharp decline in copper … Read More
Copper prices are collapsing, a sign that manufacturing activity in the global economy is slowing.
The chart below shows copper prices are down more than five percent so far this year. Notice the steep decline in copper prices starting this January.
Copper is a major commodity used as a material ingredient in a wide variety of manufactured goods. If copper prices are declining, which means demand is falling, we get an early indication that manufacturers are producing less because customer demand is soft.
At the same time, in another startling development, the Baltic Dry Index (BDI), the next chart below, has collapsed 50% from the beginning of the year.
Chart courtesy of www.StockCharts.com
The BDI basically tracks shipping prices of raw materials in the global economy. When the BDI declines, it means fewer goods are being shipped in the global economy, a sign that the worldwide economy is slowing.
Chart courtesy of www.StockCharts.com
Last but not least, as we have been hearing in the news, the emerging markets in the global economy are in trouble.
Manufacturers in the global economy, not being able to sell enough to developed countries like the U.S. and Europe, were hoping to sell more of their goods to once “fast”-growing emerging markets. But now, economic growth in these countries is slowing, too.
Russia, one of the major emerging markets in the global economy, reported its 2013 economic growth rate was the lowest since 2009! The Russian Federal Statistics Service said the economy grew by 1.3% in 2013 compared to 3.4% in 2012. (Source: Bloomberg, January 31, 2014.)
Other emerging markets like India and China have … Read More
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