The Dow Jones Industrial Average, or Dow Jones, is a weighted index representing the stock price action of 30 of the largest U.S. corporations. It is the world’s most widely followed stock market index. The Dow Jones Industrial Average was created on May 26, 1896 and is named after Charles Dow and Edward Jones. The earnings and revenues of large corporations are often leading economic indicators. Hence, economists often look at the Dow Jones Industrial Average as an indicator of economic activity. If the index is hitting new highs, economic activity can be expected to be brisk in the next six months. Comparatively, if the index is falling to new lows, poor economic times could lie ahead.