Market sentiment is the general view of investors towards the market. This is the combined view of all investors at any one time. Since this is not static but always changing, market sentiment is usually seen in three general categories: extremely optimistic (bullish); extremely pessimistic (bearish); and neutral or equal in number of optimists and pessimists. The view of market participants can be based on either fundamental or technical reasons. Market sentiment is seen as moving the main indices, which will push individual stocks in its wake. For example, a company might not be a great stock, but if the market sentiment for the overall index is extremely bullish, this optimism will push up the price of most if not all stocks. Many view extreme market sentiment readings as a contrary indicator, when most people are bullish (optimistic), this is close to a short-term top and vice versa.