Posts Tagged ‘interest rates’
The concept of corporate earnings being the single biggest factor that drives key stock indices like the S&P 500 higher has been thrown out the window.
While I continue to see analysts issue buy recommendations for the S&P 500, the fact of the matter is that profits at companies that make up the S&P 500 are declining. For the first quarter of 2014, corporate earnings for the S&P 500 companies are actually expected to decline by 1.6%. (Source: FactSet, April 11, 2014.) That’s the biggest drop in public company profits since 2009!
But the stock market doesn’t care if corporate earnings are declining…just like it doesn’t care if interest rates are rising. These are clear signs the market is acting irrationally—an indicator of a stock market bubble.
Just look at what happened with The Coca-Cola Company (NYSE/KO). This well-known S&P 500 company reported that its first-quarter 2014 corporate earnings declined by eight percent and revenues dropped four percent compared to the same period one year early. (Source: The Coca-Cola Company web site, last accessed April 15, 2014.)
But the market took Coca-Cola’s stock price higher on the bad results!
Below is the chart of Coca-Cola’s stock price, just as the markets opened (circled area) after the company reported its poor corporate earnings results. The stock gapped up 2.8%! This confirms my take that the fundamentals don’t count anymore to investors.
At the end of the day, all of this seems too familiar to us. This is what we have seen prior to other stock market sell-offs: investors discounting all forms of time-proven stock market valuations because … Read More
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has lowered its growth forecast for the global economy. It says the world economy will now grow by 3.6% in 2014 and 3.9% in 2015; it grew at three percent in 2013. (Source: International Monetary Fund, April 8, 2014.)
I see the IMF forecast on global growth as being far too optimistic. In fact, I think we’d be lucky to get three percent growth in the global economy this year. Key indicators I follow suggest demand in the global economy is close to outright collapsing.
Consider the chart below of the Baltic Dry Index (BDI). This index tracks the shipping prices of dry goods in the global economy. If it declines, it suggests global demand is declining. The BDI has plunged more than 48% since the beginning of the year, pointing to slow growth for the global economy ahead.
Manufacturing is another indicator of demand in the global economy that we follow. If manufacturing activity increases, it means demand is increasing and that consumers are buying more. Sadly, global manufacturing is suggesting an economic slowdown is the most likely scenario ahead.
The JPMorgan Global Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index declined to its lowest level in five months in March. (Source: Markit, April 1, 2014.)
Adding to the misery, most economic hubs are telling the same tale.
The eurozone is still in trouble; the European Central Bank is contemplating its own quantitative easing program as Italy just reported its highest unemployment rate ever recorded. China is pumping out weak economic data. Japan’s economic slowdown isn’t taking any break despite the central bank … Read More
Those who follow the stock market closely know that on days when we hear the chairwoman of the Federal Reserve speak and she mentions something about “easing” or how the central bank will continue to use its “extraordinary measures” for a long period of time, the stock market jumps.
I’ve talked about this phenomenon many times in these pages. Another example of this happened on March 31, when the Fed chairwoman spoke in Chicago. Please see the chart below. It’s a minute stock chart of the S&P 500. I’ve circled a rough area around the time when Janet Yellen spoke.
As she spoke more of that “easing” talk, the stock market jumped, as usual.
So it has come to the point where the stock market rises when it hears the Fed will keep interest rates artificially low for a prolonged period of time and when a poor jobs report comes out (like last Friday morning’s), saying jobs have been created in spite of the fact that there is a heavy concentration of jobs growth in low-paying sectors and millions of people have given up looking for work.
In other words, we have reached the point where the stock market takes any news as a reason to move higher; this is characteristic of a market top.
When we look at the fundamentals of the stock market, we see companies in the S&P 500 are using financial engineering to boost per-share earnings. These companies have bought back their shares and have been cutting costs to boost profits as revenue growth just isn’t there anymore.
The proof? In the … Read More
For a moment, consider yourself a loan officer at a major bank. Would you approve a loan for a customer who says they earn $1,000 a month, spend $1,300 a month, and don’t have a job? They also tell you they have unpaid debts of $17,000.
I don’t think anyone would authorize that kind of loan because the chances of getting the money back are next to zero. The individual spending more than he earns is a prime example of a financial disaster waiting to happen. It is unsustainable living; when someone does this, they break the most basic principles of Personal Finance 101.
So why does the U.S. government get away with it?
The United States Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Fiscal Service reported the budget deficit for the month of February was $194 billion. The U.S. government received $144 billion in revenues and spent $338 billion; the government spent 134% more than what it earned. (Source: Bureau of the Fiscal Service, March 14, 2014.)
So far for fiscal year 2014 (which began in October of 2013), the U.S. government has incurred a budget deficit of $380 billion on revenues of $1.10 trillion and expenses of $1.48 trillion. Since the beginning of its current fiscal year, the government has been spending 34% more than what it takes in.
The U.S. national debt, which has now surpassed $17.0 trillion, has skyrocketed since the Credit Crisis of 2008.
There are two important facts about our rising national debt that don’t get a lot of mainstream attention (and I certainly don’t hear the politicians talking about them):
Point #1: … Read More
When news first broke from the Federal Reserve that it would slow down the pace of its quantitative easing program, the consensus was that the U.S. dollar would start to rise in value as the Fed would be printing fewer new dollars and actually eliminating all new paper money printing by the end of 2014.
But the opposite has happened.
Below, I present the chart of the U.S. Dollar Index, an index that compares the value of the dollar to other major world currencies.
As the chart clearly shows, the dollar started on a strong downtrend in July of 2013. When I look at the dollar compared to individual currencies like the euro and British pound, the picture looks even worse.
The common belief since the Credit Crisis of 2008: when there’s uncertainty, investors run towards the safety of the U.S. dollar. But something started to happen in mid-2013. Despite China’s economic slowdown, despite the situation with Russia and Ukraine, and with the Federal Reserve cutting back substantially on its money printing program, one would think the U.S. dollar would rally in value—but the opposite is happening.
Two reasons why the greenback is falling in value so fast:
First, world central banks have been slowly selling the U.S. dollars they keep in their reserves, as the percentage of world central banks that use the dollar as their reserve currency has fallen from more than 70% in the year 2000 to just over 60% today.
Secondly, with the Japanese and Chinese reducing the amount of U.S. Treasuries they buy and with the Federal Reserve reducing the paper … Read More
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports inflation in the U.S. economy increased by 0.1% in February from the previous month. (Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, March 18, 2014.) As usual, these numbers have again brought up the theory of deflation—a period when general prices decline.
Reasons for the deflation fear? In 2013, inflation for the entire year was 1.5%. In 2012, it was 1.9%. Going back further, in 2011, it was three percent. If we extrapolate the inflation numbers from January and February of this year and assume the increase will be the same (0.1%) throughout the year, we are looking at an inflation rate of 1.2% for 2014.
Wells Fargo Securities LLC has gone one step further. Economists at the firm believe there’s a 66% chance that deflation in the U.S. economy will prevail and these chances have been increasing since 2010. (Source: Bloomberg, February 21, 2014.)
To me, this is sheer nonsense!
The reality of the matter is that the inflation numbers reported by the BLS exclude changes in food and energy prices—the most important things consumers use on a daily basis. When you include food and energy, inflation is running at a much higher rate.
The prices of basic commodities are skyrocketing. Take corn prices, for example: since the beginning of the year, corn prices are up more than 15%. Wheat prices are up almost 20% year-to-date. When you look at meat prices, such as lean hogs, you will see they have increased by more than 45% since January.
As I see it, deflation is nothing but a farfetched idea for the U.S. economy. (In a … Read More
Compared to the past two years, the U.S. housing market will not have a great year in 2014.
In fact, key indicators are now pointing to a top in the housing market recovery:
The National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index fell to 47 in March, coming down more than 16% from 56 in January. (Source: National Association of Home Builders, March 17, 2014.) When this index is below 50, homebuilders view housing market conditions to be poor. This tells me that those who are closest to the housing market—the homebuilders—are becoming concerned.
And existing-home sales are declining. Existing-homes sales in the U.S. housing market fell 7.1% in February from a year ago and registered at the lowest pace since July of 2012. January’s existing-home sales were disappointing, too.
The backbone of any housing market recovery, first-time homebuyers continue to be absent from the recovery. The president of the National Association of Realtors was quoted as saying, “The biggest problems for first-time buyers are tight credit and limited inventory in the lower price ranges… In our recent consumer survey, 56% of younger buyers who took longer to save for a down payment identified student debt as the biggest obstacle.” (Source: “February Existing-Home Sales Remain Subdued,” National Association of Realtors, March 20, 2014.)
(At least he didn’t blame the poor weather conditions as the reason homes sales declined in February!)
Sadly, potential home buyers have more troubles coming their way, as interest rates are expected to rise. Between February of 2013 and February of 2014, the 30-year fixed mortgage rate, tracked by Freddie Mac, has increased by 22%, from … Read More
According to FactSet, between January 1 and mid-March of this year, 195 of the S&P 500 companies have used the word “weather” in some manner in their conference calls. This is 81% higher than the same period a year ago, when 108 of the S&P 500 companies used the term “weather” in their conference calls. (Source: FactSet, March 14, 2014.)
Public companies in key stock indices are preparing investors for poor first-quarter earnings by saying poor (extra cold) weather conditions this year are putting a damper on sales.
Take FedEx Corporation (NYSE/FDX) as an example of the many companies on key stock indices blaming the weather for dismal corporate earnings. While presenting its most recent quarterly corporate earnings for the three months ended February 28, the CEO of the company said, “While severe winter weather often affects our (fiscal) third-quarter results, the impact from multiple severe storms and frigid temperatures was significantly more pronounced this year and we are reducing our full-year earnings per share guidance as a result of the weather impact.” (Source: “FedEx Corp. Reports Third Quarter Results,” FedEx Corporation, March 19, 2014.)
How can you lay blame on one quarter’s “bad weather” for the entire year’s earnings performance? The way I look at it, the “weather” is just a “blame factor” for companies in key stock indices that are facing earnings growth issues.
Stock analysts have really been busy lowering their corporate earnings expectations for companies in key stock indices. In the first quarter of this year, on average, analysts expect the corporate earnings of the S&P 500 companies to increase by only 0.3%. At the end … Read More
In today’s U.S. economy, we have a very small portion of the population earning most of the total income generated by the economy, while the majority of people suffer, as their incomes have failed to rise at the pace of the rich.
According to a study by the Paris School of Economics, the richest 0.1% of Americans takes home nine percent of the U.S. national income. The bottom 90%, which is pretty much everyone else, earns just 50% of the national income. (Source: MarketWatch, February 26, 2014.)
Income inequality in the U.S. economy is worse now than it was during the 1920s in Great Britain.
Aside from income inequality, the other big problem with the U.S. economy is that the majority of Americans simply don’t have liquid wealth. Liquid wealth is assets that can be quickly converted into cash if needed (a home is not considered liquid).
According to Phoenix Marketing International, 25% of U.S. households hold about 75% of the liquid wealth in the U.S. economy. (Source: Phoenix Marketing International, January 16, 2014.) The U.S. is becoming more and more like Europe, where there are the very wealthy and the very poor. The middle class, who should be the backbone of the American economy, well, they have all but disappeared.
Consider that in December of 2013, 22.7 million households in the U.S. economy used food stamps. Not long before then, in 2010, that number was 20.6 million households. (Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, March 7, 2014.) And that’s after the U.S. government cut back on food stamps funding!
For economic growth, you need personal incomes rising at … Read More
The stock market in France has been on a tear! Below, I present a chart of the French CAC 40 Index, the main stock market index in France.
Looking at the chart, we see the French stock market is trading at a five-year high. With such a strong stock market, one would expect France, the second-largest economy in the eurozone, to be doing well. But it’s the exact opposite!
As its stock market rallies, France’s economic slowdown is gaining steam. In January, the unemployment rate in France was unchanged; it has remained close to 11% for a year now. (Source: Eurostat, February 28, 2014.) Consumer spending in the French economy declined 2.1% in January after declining 0.1% in December. (Source: National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies, February 28, 2014.) Other key indicators of the French economy are also pointing to an economic slowdown for the country.
Chart courtesy of www.StockCharts.com
And France isn’t the only place in the eurozone still experiencing a severe economic slowdown. In January, the unemployment rate in Italy, the third-biggest nation in the eurozone, hit a record-high of 12.9%, compared to 11.8% a year ago.
I have not mentioned Greece, Spain, and Portugal because they have been discussed in these pages many times before; as my readers are well aware, they are in a state of outright depression.
Just like how investors have bought into the U.S. stock market again in hopes of U.S. economic growth, the same thing has happened in the eurozone. Investors have put money into France’s stock market in hopes of that economy recovering—but it hasn’t. We are dealing with a … Read More
The chart below is of the S&P Case-Shiller Home Price Index, an index that tracks home prices in the U.S. housing market. As the chart shows, from their peak in 2007 to their low in late 2011, U.S. homes prices fell by about 30%. Since then, prices in the housing market have improved, but they are still down about 20% compared to 2007. Basically, home prices have recouped only one-third of their losses from the 2007 real estate crash.
Yes, the U.S. housing market has regained some lost ground, but it’s far from being back to where it was in 2007. And I’m very worried about the pace of the housing market recovery; I feel that the recovery is in jeopardy.
Chart courtesy of www.StockCharts.com
Consider this: the interest rate on the 30-year fixed mortgage tracked by Freddie Mac increased to 4.43% in January of this year from 3.41% in January of 2013. (Source: Freddie Mac web site, last accessed February 26, 2014.) While there hasn’t been much mainstream media coverage on this, mortgage rates have increased by 30% in one year’s time. With the Federal Reserve cutting back on its quantitative easing program, interest rates are expected to continue their path upwards in 2014.
Higher interest rates are pushing would-be homebuyers away from the housing market. The U.S. Mortgage Bankers Association reported last week that its index, which tracks mortgage activity (of both refinanced and new home purchases), fell 8.5% in the week ended February 21. (Source: Reuters, February 26, 2014.)
And new homebuilders are seeing demand from homebuyers decline in the housing market as well. While presenting … Read More
There is a lot of liquidity out there, and all kinds of stocks are experiencing significant price momentum.
It’s a bull market still, and no matter how long it has to run, it seems that valuations aren’t as important as owning the right stocks for institutional investors. Countless names have fought back in price from recent sell-offs and are now pushing new record-highs once again.
These stocks include Netflix, Inc. (NFLX), priceline.com Incorporated (PCLN), and Google Inc. (GOOG), among others. You could buy a basket of these stocks and if nothing were to change in terms of monetary policy, they probably would be higher in a month’s time.
But while momentum remains strong and existing winners keep outperforming, stocks haven’t really experienced a material price correction in more than two years and because of this, investment risk remains high.
Previously in these pages, we looked at some top-ranked biotechnology stocks that continue to be tremendous wealth creators for shareholders. (See “Can the Rally in Biotechs Keep Its Momentum?”) But their amazing price-performance also illustrates the froth in the stock market. While speculative fervor for initial public offerings (IPOs) has diminished since the beginning of the year, existing winners just keep on plowing higher.
Investor sentiment can always change on a dime, but it needs a catalyst to do so. This could include a change in monetary or fiscal policies, a geopolitical event, a derivatives trade gone bad, currency destabilization—the list is endless.
The Federal Reserve recently gave the marketplace the certainty it was looking for: quantitative easing is going to continue to be reduced and short-term interest rates … Read More
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